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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.



  • April - Uprising in Guangzhou fails.
  • June - Revolutionary efforts shift to central China.
  • September - New Army troops in Wuhan sent to suppress protests in Sichuan province.
  • October – Accidental explosion in secret bomb factory located in Hankou. Police discover membership list of revolutionaries.
  • October – Founding of the Republic of China. In anticipation of impending arrest, revolutionary officers among the New Army in Wuchang rise up and capture local government headquarters. Subsequent events would lead to founding of the Republic of China.
  • November – In Beijing, Yuan Shikai is appointed premier by the Qing emperor.
  • November – Revolutionary forces take over Shanghai.
  • November - Qing forces led by Yuan Shikai recapture Hankou.
  • November – Qing navy joins the revolution.
  • November - Japan and Britain indicate their support of the Qing government.
  • November – Qing forces recapture Hanyang and threaten to retake Wuchang.
  • November – Outer Mongolia (Mongolia) declares independence.
  • December – Revolutionary forces capture Nanjing.
  • December – Qing and revolutionary representatives meet in Shanghai for negotiations.
  • December – Sun Yat-sen arrives in Shanghai from overseas.
  • December – Provisional national assembly meets in Nanjing. Sun Yat-sen is elected provisional president of the Republic of China. Li Yuanhong is subsequently elected provisional vice-president.
  • December - Sun Yat-sen offers Yuan Shikai the presidency in exchange for his support of the revolution.