Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.
January – In mainland China, the Five-anti campaign is launched against bribery, tax evasion, fraud, theft of government property and stealing state economic secrets.
February - United Nations passes a resolution condemning the Soviet Union for violating the Sino-Soviet treaty of 1945. Republic of China accuses Soviet Union of violating the treaty in aiding the Communists in the civil war.
April - Republic of China signs peace treaty with Japan, restoring formal diplomatic relations. Republic of China would not seek war redemption from Japan.
June - Mao Zedong announces it is time to take on the bourgeoisie.
August - Peasants in mainland China are restricted from migration into cities.
October – Armistice in Korea cannot be reached due to issues concerning prisoners of war. Some captured Communist troops served as Nationalist soldiers during the civil war and refuse to be sent back to mainland China. They would like to go to Taiwan instead.
November – Dwight D. Eisenhower wins the presidential election in the United States.