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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.

  • July – Deng Xiaoping returns to power. Deng is once a again a member of the Politburo. He is also vice chairman of the Central Committee, vice chairman of the Military Commission, vice premier, and chief of staff of the army. The Gang of Four are expelled from the Communist Party.
  • August – Eleventh Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Cultural Revolution is officially ended. Zhao Ziyang becomes an alternate member of the Politburo and begins his rise to the top. Hua Guofeng is confirmed as Chairman of the Party for the time being.
  • September – Inauguration of the Mao Zedong Memorial Hall in Beijing.
  • November - Riots in Taiwan protesting illegal practices at a local election.
  • December – Hu Yaobang becomes Director of the Organization Department, with the power to make Party personnel decisions.