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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.



  • January – The Foreign Economic Liaison Bureau is formed to aid foreign countries.
  • January – Lin Biao orders the Communist armed forces to memorize quotations from Mao Zedong. These quotations are later collected in “the Little Red Book.”
  • March - In Taipei, the National Assembly passes temporary amendments abolishing term limits for the presidency during the period of Communist suppression.
  • March - Chiang Kai-shek re-elected president by the National Assembly for a third time.
  • April – On Lenin’s birthday, Mao Zedong severely criticizes Soviet revisionism.
  • June, 1960 – The Sino-Soviet split. At the World Federation of Trade Unions in Beijing, representatives from the Soviet Camp are treated with hostilities by the Chinese.
  • June 1960 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower visits Taipei.
  • July –1,400 Soviet technicians and specialists in China are ordered back home by Moscow. Technology transfer from the Soviet Union stops.
  • September – Lei Zhen, publisher of the Free China Review, is arrested in Taiwan.
  • September - Taipei government enacts the Statute for the Encouragement of Investment as part of economic reform.
  • October - Reports of massive famine and deaths by starvation continue in mainland China.
  • November – An emergency directive allows villagers in mainland China to keep private plots, engage in side occupations and restore local markets. Rural communes are reorganized into smaller units.
  • December - Food shipments to the Soviet Union is stopped. However, food shipments to other countries continue.