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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.

  • Military demobilization conference between Chiang Kai-shek and other military factions. Agreement cannot be reached to reduce the size of their armies. (1929)
  • Worldwide economic depression begins. (1929)
  • Chiang Kai-shek wins civil war against other Nationalist factions. (1930)
  • Beginning of suppression campaigns against Communist bases. (1930)
  • Mukden (Shenyang) Incident – Japan occupies Manchuria. (1931)
  • Chinese Communist Party establishes a Soviet republic in Jiangxi province. (1931)
  • Chinese forces clash with Japanese troops in Shanghai. (1932)
  • Japanese set up a puppet state called Manchukuo in Manchuria. (1933)
  • The Tangu Truce. Japanese gain de facto control of the northern part of Hebei province. (1933)
  • The Long March. Communist forces in Jiangxi province begin their retreat to the northwest. (1934)
  • Meeting in Zunyi. Mao Zedong achieves prominence in the Chinese Communist Party. (1935)
  • Germany begins to rearm. (1935)
  • Communist International calls for a worldwide united front against facism.
  • Secret negotiations for a united front against Japan. (1935)
  • Japan proclaims a foreign policy with the goal of dominating Asia. (1936)
  • Japanese attack on the Soviet Union from Manchuria is defeated. (1936)
  • Japan and Germany sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. (1936)
  • The Xi’an Incident. Temporary end of civil war and formation of a united front against Japan. (1936)

1929 -1936