Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.
January - Communist troops capture Seoul, capital of South Korea.
January - Counter-offensive by United Nations forces in Korea.
February – The campaign to suppress counter-revolutionaries in mainland China begins.
March - United Nations forces capture Seoul.
April - Douglas MacArthur dismissed by Harry Truman as commander of United Nations forces in Korea. MacArthur wants to expand the Korean war into China.
April - Communists launch major offensive in Korea.
April - Beijing government begins to take over foreign companies in mainland China.
May - The U.S. Military Assistance and Advisory Group is established in Taipei. Non-military aid to the Republic of China would last until 1964.
May – Tibetan delegation signs a seventeen-point agreement with Beijing: Beijing promises not to change the political or religious systems in Tibet, and the Tibetans agree to accept Beijing’s sovereignty.
May - Communist offensive in Korea ends with heavy loses.
May - The United Nations imposes an embargo of strategic imports to the People's Republic of China.
June - Ceasefire in Korea.
June - Second stage of a three-stage land reform in Taiwan: sale of public land to tenant farmers.
July – Panmunjom peace negotiations begin in Korea. Negotiations would last two years while fighting continues.
July - The household registration system begins in mainland China.
September – Conference on a peace treaty with Japan held in San Francisco. Japan renounces its rights to Taiwan. However, Taiwan is not returned to China as specified at the Yalta and Cairo conferences. The treaty is signed by neither the Beijing nor the Taipei governments.
December - In mainland China, the Three-Anti campaign is launched against corruption, waste, and bureaucracy.
December - In Taiwan, first election held for the Taiwan Provincial Assembly.