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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.

  • February – U.S. President Richard Nixon visits the People’s Republic of China.
  • February - First communiqué (the Shanghai Communiqué) between the People’s Republic of China and the United States:  the United States does not challenge the position that there is but one China and that Taiwan is part of China.
  • March - In Taiwan, Chiang Kai-shek re-elected President of the Republic of China for the sixth time.
  • May - Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek, becomes Premier of Republic of China.
  • July - Chiang Kai-shek suffers a heart attack and remains in a coma for six months.
  • September – Japan establishes formal relations with the People's Republic of China. Cuts diplomatic relations with Republic of China.
  • October - Double-Ten celebrations in Taipei. Chiang Kai-shek does not attend festivities celebrating founding of the Republic of China.