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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.



  • January – National Protection Army advances into Sichuan and Guizhou provinces. Local troops rise up and join forces. Met by Yuan Shikai’s forces, the two armies fight to a stalemate in Sichuan.
  • January - Guizhou province declares independence from Beijing.
  • January – Yuan Shiaki postpones his ascendance to the throne.
  • February – Guangxi province declares independence.
  • March – Japan recognizes the anti-Yuan forces.
  • March – Yuan Shikai falls ill and cancels plans to become emperor but would remain president.
  • March – National Protection Army and Yuan Shikai’s forces agree to a ceasefire.
  • April – Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces declare independence.
  • May - Shaanxi, Sichuan, and Hunan provinces declare independence.
  • June - Yuan Shikai dies of illness.
  • June – Li Yuanhong becomes president of the Beijing government.
  • August - The National Assembly reconvenes..