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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.


1911 - 1923

  • Founding of Republic of China. Sun Yat-Sen elected Provisional President. (1911)
  • Qing emperor abdicates. (1912)
  • Sun Yat-sen and others form the Nationalist Party (Guomindang or Kuomintang). (1912)
  • Song Jiaoren, President of the Nationalist Party, is assassinated. (1913)
  • Yuan Shi-kai disbands the National Assembly. (1914)
  • First World War begins in Europe. (1914)
  • Yuan Shi-kai prepares to declare himself emperor. A National Protection Army rises up against Yuan. (1915)
  • Yuan Shi-kai dies of illness. (1916)
  • Revolution in Russia. (1917)
  • China joins World War I on the side of the Allies. (1917)
  • A Military Government is established in Guangzhou, independent of Beijing. (1917)
  • Beijing government reaches agreement of military cooperation with Japan. (1918)
  • First World War ends. (1918)
  • Creation of Communist Internal (Comintern) in Soviet Russia. (1919)
  • Treaty of Versailles. Peace Conference in Paris transfers Germany‚Äôs interests in China to Japan over objection of Chinese delegation. (1919)
  • May Fourth movement. Protests against the Treaty of Versailles. Demands for science and democracy to strengthen China against foreign domination. Rebellion against Confucian tradition. (1919)
  • Chinese translation of the Communist Manifesto is published. (1920)
  • Formation of the Chinese Communist Party. (1921)
  • Members of Chinese Communist Party join Nationalist Party as individuals. (1922)
  • Formation of the Soviet Union. (1922)
  • Soviet Union agrees to provide full support to the Nationalist Party and Guangzhou government. (1923)