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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.



  • March –The Ussuri River incident. Chinese and Soviet troops clash on Zhenbao Island.
  • April – New party constitution passed at the Ninth Congress of the Communist Party. Lin Biao named the party’s vice chairman and future successor. Jiang Qing made a member of the Politburo. Marxism-Leninism Mao Zedong Thought is laid down as the theoretical basis of party ideology.
  • June - Chiang Ching-kuo becomes vice premier of Republic of China.
  • July - U.S. troops begin their withdrawal from South Vietnam.
  • August – The People's Republic of China clashes with the Soviet Union in Xinjiang province.
  • October - Top Communist leaders evacuate Beijing to avoid potential attack from the Soviet Union. The military receives emergency orders.
  • October - Deng Xiaoping is banished to Jiangxi province.
  • November – Liu Shaoqi dies in captivity in Keifeng. Liu's body is cremated under a pseudonym. His family is not notified until years later.
  • December - In Taiwan, members of the opposition elected to Legislative Yuan of Republic of China.
  • December - The United States communicates to Beijing an interest to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.