Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.
January - Second National Congress of the Nationalist Party. Wang Jingwei gains influence and begins to force Chiang Kai-shek from power.
February - Nationalist forces capture Hainan Island and gain full control of Guangdong province.
March - Li Zhongren (Guangxi faction) announces loyalty to the Guangzhou government. Li's troops would later be incorporated into the National Revolutionary Army.
March - In the north, aided by Japanese warships, the Northeast faction and Wu Peifu defeat Feng Yuxiang. Feng leaves for Moscow.
March – Rise of Chiang Kai-shek. Guangzhou is placed under martial law. Dozens of Communist members are arrested for planning to kidnap Chiang Kai-shek and stage a revolt. Soviet advisers are arrested.
April – Wang Jingwei leaves Guangzhou and goes into exile in France.
May - Chiang Kai-shek and the Soviet Union reach agreement. Soviet Union would continue to support the Guangzhou government.
June – Chiang Kai-shek named commander in chief of the National Revolutionary Army and placed in charge of the Northern Expedition.
July - Chiang Kai-shek is elected chairman of the Standing Committee of the Nationalist Central Executive Committee.
July – Launch of the Northern Expedition. Nationalist forces attack north with a force of over 100,000 men. The opposing northern armies total about 500,000. Nationalist forces soon capture Changsha in Hunan province.
August - After fierce fighting, Nationalist forces defeat Wu Peifu and capture key bridges in Hubei province.
October – On the fifteenth anniversary of the 1911 uprising and founding of the Republic of China, Nationalist forces enter the city of Wuchang. Northern commander of the city had decided to surrender.
October - Nationalist forces capture Wuhan.
November - In the largest battle since beginning of the Northern Expedition, Nationalist forces capture Nanchang after defeating Sun Chuanfang.
November – Nationalist Party decides to move party headquarters to Wuhan.
November - In Moscow, the Comintern passes resolution to support peasant revolt in China.