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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.



  • January – Military demobilization conference between Chiang Kai-shek and other military factions. Agreement cannot be reached to reduce the size of their armies.
  • January - The Zhu-Mao Red Army is forced off Jianggang Mountain by the Nationalists. The Red Army retreats toward southern Jiangxi province.
  • March - Third Congress of the Nationalist Party. Chiang Kai-shek is accused of being a dictator.
  • March – Armed conflict begins between Chiang Kai-shek (Nanjing government) and the faction led by Li Zhongren (Guangxi faction).
  • April - The Red Army occupies Ruijin, Jiangxi province. Ruijin would later become capital of the Soviet government.
  • April - Guangdong faction declares allegiance to Nanjing.
  • April – In Manchuria, Zhang Xueliang (Northeast faction) seizes the Soviet consulate in Harbin and the documents confirming Soviet support for the Chinese Communists.
  • May - Troops under the command of Feng Yuxiang blows up bridge across the Yellow River. Feng Yuxiang (Northwest faction) declares opposition to Chiang Kai-shek.
  • May - Li Zhongren's army is defeated near Guangzhou by Nationalist forces of the Guandong faction.
  • July - Japan recognizes the Nanjing government.
  • July – Zhang Xueliang takes over the Chinese Eastern Railway in Manchuria, which had been under joint administration with the Soviet Union.
  • October – Soviet troops cross the border into Manchuria and defeat Zhang Xueliang’s troops.
  • October - War breaks out between Chiang Kai-shek (Nanjing) and Feng Yuxiang (Northwest faction).
  • October – Worldwide economic depression begins.
  • December – In Manchuria, the Khabarovsk Protocol restores the Soviet position in the Chinese Eastern Railway in Manchuria and gives the Soviets an additional seat on the railway company’s board.