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Objective chronological listing of significant events leading up to modern China.

  • January – Chiang Kai-shek returns to Guangzhou after visiting the Soviet Union. Chiang has deep suscipions of Soviet intensions.
  • January – First Nationalist Party Congress held in Guangzhou. Nationalist Party adopts a Soviet style organizational plan. However, instead of Communism, the Nationalist Party will follow the Three Principles of the People established by Sun Yat-sen.
  • May - Outer Mongolia formally becomes the Republic of Outer Mongolia.
  • May - Soviet Union signs agreement with Beijing government. Beijing recognizes the Soviet Union. Soviet Union recognizes Outer Mongolia as part of China, but Red forces would remain.
  • June - Opening ceremony of the Whampoa Military Academy in Guangzhou. The Soviet Union provides money and arms. Chiang Kai-shek is president of the academy. A revolutionary army is to be created in the model of the Soviet Red Army. The Academy would be training grounds for many future leaders of China.
  • September - Second war breaks out between the Zhili and Northeast factions.
  • October - Northeast army defeats Wu Peifu and crosses the Great Wall from Manchuria into China proper.
  • October - In Guangzhou, Chiang Kai-shek leads Whampoa cadets and local troops in defeating a rebellion of the Merchant Volunteer Corps.
  • October - In support of the Northeast faction, Feng Yuxiang's forces capture Beijing and imprison Cao Kun.
  • November - Sun Yat-sen is invited to a national reconstruction conference in Beijing.
  • November - Duan Qirui becomes president of the Beijing government.
  • December – Sun Yat-sen is hospitalized in Beijing.